What are mini implants?
Mini implants are in all respects implants, but with a small diameter, not exceeding 3 mm.
They are produced in a titanium alloy, which is classified as grade 5, and has excellent mechanical properties. They have a sandblasted and etched surface which once inserted into the bone undergoes osseointegration such of that of implants with a larger diameter.
What are mini implants?
The use of Cone Beam Computerised Tomography (CBCT) scanning is becoming more commonplace in today’s implant dentistry. These scans combined with increasingly sophisticated software technology has led to greater accuracy in digital planning and guided surgery and is gradually being adopted across general practice. Furthermore, the restorative planning can be digitised and combined with the CBCT data in appropriate planning software.
In conjunction with these technology advances, dental implant design has evolved to incorporate the latest concepts of biomechanical design, which include sophisticated thread profiling, platform switching and a Morse locking taper on the implant/abutment interface.
The following case details brings these advances in implants and digital technologies together.
There has been a considerable evolution in implant dentistry over recent years that has seen the design of dental implants adopt sophisticated thread profiles which leads to a better primary stability. Simultaneously these new geometries aid cortical bone maintenance through to platform-switching capabilities again designed to minimise bone loss. When combined with improved implant-prosthetic connections such as a Morse-locking conical connection it contributes to a good long-term prognosis and an aesthetic outcome.
Concurrent with this evolution in implant design have been substantial advances in digital technologies across the field of dentistry. These digital advances include Cone-beam CT scanning combined with appropriate 3D planning software, navigated surgery technology, 3D intra-oral scanning to create a ‘virtual impression’ and 3D printing technologies. These digital technologies can minimise the number of appointments found in a conventional treatment protocol as well as enabling greater accuracy and will be considered in this case study.
A 55 year old female patient was referred to our office for a full mouth rehabilitation. Upon clinical examination and a CBCT, we have decided to implant 4 EL C-Tech conical Morse tapered connection implants in the upper jaw for a bar retained over denture and due to financial considerations; was to perform extraction of all remaining lower teeth and immediate post extraction implantation of SD C-Tech mini dental implants. A full muco-periosteal flap was released, teeth were extracted, an alveotomy was performed to achieve an optimal bone platform for the SD mini dental implants and to obtain a bigger vertical dimension for the overdenture!
A 58 years old female patient has come to our clinic for lower jaw rehabilitation. After the clinical examination and OPG, We have decided to extract tooth 33, which is the only one remaining. As thepatient has not accepted a big augmentation procedure, we have decided to implant 4 C-Tech SD mini dental implants for retention and stabilization of the lower denture.