Double Lead Thread
Lead /ˈliːd/ and pitch are closely related concepts.
They can be confused because they are the same for most screws. Lead is the distance along the screw’s axis that is covered by one complete rotation of the screw (360°). Pitch is the distance from the crest of one thread to the next.
Because the vast majority of screw threadforms are single-start threadforms, their lead and pitch are the same. Single-start means that there is only one “ridge” wrapped around the cylinder of the screw’s body. Each time that the screw’s body rotates one turn (360°), it has advanced axially by the width of one ridge. “Double-start” means that there are two “ridges” wrapped around the cylinder of the screw’s body. Each time that the screw’s body rotates one turn (360°), it has advanced axially by the width of two ridges.
Another way to express this is that lead and pitch are parametrically related, and the parameter that relates them, the number of starts, very often has a value of 1, in which case their relationship becomes equality. In general, lead is equal to S times pitch, in which S is the number of starts.